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What is Globalisation?

ESRF Project: Brief Overview

What is Globalisation ?

"The Process whereby economic activity, society, culture and politics are increasingly susceptible to influences that transcend the boundaries of the nation state". Brian Van Arkadie, 2001

"Globalisation constitutes the rapidly increasing complex interactions between societies, cultures, economies, technologies, governance, institutions and individuals worldwide". Eduard Jansen, Juma Mwapachu and Joseph Semboja,2001

"The deepening and widening of cross-border flows of trade, capital, labour and technology facilitated by rapid communications in a single, fully integrated global market".T. Ademola Oyedije, 2001

"Declining barriers of trade, migration, capital flows, foreign direct invesment and technological transfers". Kevin H.O. Rourke, 2001

"People around the globe are more connected to each other than ever before. Information and money flow more quickly than ever. Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly available in all parts of the world. International travel is more frequent. International communication is commonplace. This phenomenon has been titled "globalization." "The Era of Globalization" is fast becoming the preferred term for describing the current times. Just as the Depression, the Cold War Era, the Space Age, and the Roaring 20's are used to describe particular periods of history; globalization describes the political, economic, and cultural atmosphere of today. While some people think of globalization as primarily a synonym for global business, it is much more than that. The same forces that allow businesses to operate as if national borders did not exist also allow social activists, labor organizers, journalists, academics, and many others to work on a global stage. About News & Issues newsletter, 2002

"The inexorable integration of markets, nation-states, and technologies to a degree never witnessed before-in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than ever before . . . . the spread of free-market capitalism to virtually every country in the world " T.L. Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, 1999.

"A social process in which the constraints of geography on social and cultural arrangements recede and in which people become increasingly aware that they are receding" M. Waters, Globalization, 1995

Introduction to the ESRF Globalisation Project

The main current activity of the ESRF Globalisation and East African Economies project is a research study funded by the Ford Foundation. The project was started in December 2001. The first phase of the project ended in November 2003 and since February 2004 the projected entered into the second phase. The Acting Project Director is Dr. Josaphat Kweka and the project advisor is Prof. Brian Van Arkadie.

The project seeks to analyse the impact of globalisation on the East African economies. For the second phase the project team has identified the following research topics:

These research ideas were presented during the workshop known as "Globalization Project Retreat" which was held between 26th and 27th October 2003 and attended by members from the government, the private sector, the donor community and universities.

Other topics which may be added to the program include: